American Journal of Applied Sciences

The Evaluation of the Groundwater Influence on the Stress and Strain Behavior around a Tunnel by Analytical Methods

Pierpaolo Oreste

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2015.734.741

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 12, Issue 10

Pages 734-741

Abstract

The presence of an aquifer in the soil causes a change in a relevant way of the stability conditions of a tunnel. The flow of water in the pores, in fact, modifies the stress and strain state of the soil and causes an increase in the thickness of the plastic zone. As a result the loads transmitted on the lining increase. In this study a calculation procedure by finite differences method, able to determine the stress and strain state of the soil in the presence of the water flow in the pores, is presented. More particularly, using the proposed procedure, it is possible to determine the convergence-confinement curve of the tunnel and the trend of the plastic radius varying the internal pressure. A calculation example is used to detect the great influence that the presence of the aquifer has on the stress and strain state of the soil and on the pressure-displacement relationship of the tunnel wall.

Copyright

© 2015 Pierpaolo Oreste. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.