American Journal of Applied Sciences

SIR Transmission Model of Dengue Virus Taking Into Account Two Species of Mosquitoes and an Age Structure in the Human Population

R. Sungchasit, P. Pongsumpun and I. M. Tang

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2015.426.444

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 12, Issue 6

Pages 426-444

Abstract

Dengue is a vector-borne disease. It is transmitted to humans by the bites of the Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes. The human population is separated into two classes, a child class and an adult class, each class being described by a SIR model. The transmission rates of the two mosquito species are different and depend on what class the humans belong to. We develop a single model taking into account the presence of two type of mosquitoes and two age classes and apply it to dengue fever. The model shows how it is possible for the maximum level of infected human to be reached in a short time. The nature of stability of the equilibrium state and the trajectories of the individual classes in the model are determined by the values of the basic reproduction number by setting the values of the parameters in the model to different values which reflect the environment in which the epidemic is occurring in the model.

Copyright

© 2015 R. Sungchasit, P. Pongsumpun and I. M. Tang. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.