American Journal of Applied Sciences

DEEP TRAPS SPECTRA IN UNDOPED GAN FILMS GROWN BY HYDRIDE VAPOR PHASE EPITAXY UNDER VARIOUS CONDITIONS

A. Y. Polyakov, N. B. Smirnov, A. V. Govorkov, H. Cox, A. S. Usikov, H. Helava, Y. N. Makarov, E. B. Yakimov and I. H. Lee

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2014.1714.1721

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 11, Issue 9

Pages 1714-1721

Abstract

Decreasing the residual donors density and deep traps spectra densities in undoped GaN films grown by Hydride Vapor Phase Epitaxy (HVPE) is very important for promoting the use of such material in high- voltage/high-power rectifiers, radiation detectors. In this study we studied the effects of changing the growth temperature of undoped HVPE GaN films on these properties. The two groups of undoped GaN HVPE samples analyzed in this study were grown at growth temperature being either 850ºC or 950ºC. Measurements by means of Capacitance-Voltage (C-V) profiling, deep levels transient spectroscopy, Micro Cathode Luminescence (MCL) spectroscopy and imaging and by Electron Beam Induced Current (EBIC) showed a much lower density of residual donors (by almost two orders of magnitude), of deep electron traps and hole traps (by about an order of magnitude) and considerably (about 1.5 times) longer diffusion length of charge carriers in the films grown at 850ºC compared to samples prepared at 950ºC. The data obtained indicate that there is an optimal reduced growth temperature (close to 850ºC) resulting in lower concentration of shallow donors and deep traps while still preserving the high crystalline quality of the layer. This is of paramount importance for device applications of HVPE grown undoped GaN films.

Copyright

© 2014 A. Y. Polyakov, N. B. Smirnov, A. V. Govorkov, H. Cox, A. S. Usikov, H. Helava, Y. N. Makarov, E. B. Yakimov and I. H. Lee. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.