American Journal of Applied Sciences

REMOVAL OF CONGO RED DYE FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION BY DATE PALM LEAF BASE

Ghadah Alsenani

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2014.1553.1557

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 11, Issue 9

Pages 1553-1557

Abstract

Removal of dyes from wastewater is important for industry and environmental protection. The adsorption technique, using biomass is attractive method for environmental and economical reasons. This study studies removal of Congo Red dye (CR) from aqueous solutions by adsorption using date palm Leaf Base (LB). The adsorption of congo red dye CR onto LB has been examined in aqueous solution by considering the influence of temperature up to 60°C and pH on the percentage removal of CR. The results showed that the percentage removal of CR increased with increasing temperature and decreased with increasing pH. The Langmuir and Freundlich models have been applied to describe the equilibrium data and the thermodynamic parameters, Gibbs free energy ΔG°, enthalpy change ΔH° and entropy ΔS°, have been determined. The negative value of ΔH suggests that adsorption of CR by the date palm leaf base is exothermic. The positive values of ΔG° at all studied temperatures indicate that CR adsorption is a unspontaneous process. LB is a promising adsorbent for the removal of CR from aqueous solution over a range of concentrations.

Copyright

© 2014 Ghadah Alsenani. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.