American Journal of Applied Sciences

SIGNED GRAPH APPROACH IN ADAPTIVE TRANSMISSION POWER TO ENHANCE THE LIFETIME OF WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

A. Babu Karuppiah and S. Rajaram

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2014.1292.1300

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 11, Issue 8

Pages 1292-1300

Abstract

A Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) comprises a collection of sensor nodes networked for applications like surveillance, battlefield, monitoring of habitat. Nodes in a WSN are usually highly energy-constrained and expected to operate for long periods from limited on-board energy reserves. When a node transmits data to a destination node the data is overheard by the nodes that are in the coverage range of the transmitting node or the forwarding node. Due to this, the individual nodes might waste their energy in sensing data that are not destined to it and as a result the drain in the energy of the node is more resulting in much reduced network life time. As power is a limiting factor in a WSN, the major challenge in deploying a WSN is to enhance the network life time. So, it becomes inevitable to devise an efficient method of conserving the power. In this study, a novel algorithm, Signed Graph based Adaptive Transmission Power (SGATP) is developed to avoid redundancy in sensing the data thereby enhancing the life time of the network. The concept of adapting the transmission power based on the distance of the next neighbor is proposed while a node communicates with the Cluster Head during Intrusion Detection. The simulation results show that the average network life time is greatly improvised by 96.8% when the proposed method is adopted.

Copyright

© 2014 A. Babu Karuppiah and S. Rajaram. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.