American Journal of Applied Sciences

Transmission Model of Chikungunya Fever in the Presence of Two Species of Aedes Mosquitoes

Surapol Naowarat and I. Ming Tang

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2013.449.459

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 10, Issue 5

Pages 449-459

Abstract

In 2008 there was a large outbreak of Chikungunya fever in the south of Thailand. Chikungunya fever is a febrile disease transmitted to humans by the bite of infected Aedes mosquitoes. The symptoms of this disease are a sudden onset of a fever, chills, headache, nausea, vomiting, joint pain with or without swelling, low back pain and rash. In this study we study the effects of there being two species of Aedes mosquito (Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus) present. In this study, we assume that both the human and mosquito populations are constant. A dynamical model of Chikungunya fever is proposed and analyzed. The Routh-Hurwitz criteria are used to determine the stability of the model. The conditions which would lead to either the disease free equilibrium state or the disease endemic equilibrium state to exist is determined. The numerical simulations are done in order to illustrate the behaviors of transmission of disease for different values of parameters. It is shown that the destruction of breeding sites could be an effective method to control this disease.

Copyright

© 2013 Surapol Naowarat and I. Ming Tang. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.