American Journal of Applied Sciences

Multiple-Input Multiple-Output Transmission Over a Multipath Faded Channels

I.A.Z. Qatawneh

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2013.230.238

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 10, Issue 3

Pages 230-238

Abstract

The use of multiple antennas at the transmitter as well as at the receiver can greatly improve the capacity of a wireless link when operating in a rich scattering environment. In such an arrangement all transmitting antennas radiate in the same frequency band so the overall spectral efficiency becomes very high. Such a multiple antenna scheme, popularly known as Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) has potential application in Wireless Local Area Networks (WLAN) and cellular micro-cells. One reason is that the WLANs and other short range wireless systems often operate in an indoor environment, which offers rich scattering. The other reason is the demand for higher data rates in cellular and WLAN systems to scater for multimedia services. Also to meet the requirement of very high data rates for wireless Internet and multimedia services, multiple transmitting and multiple receiving antennas have been proposed for fourth generation wireless systems. In cellular systems, performance is limited by fading and co channel interference from other users. Most of the current studies on Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) systems assume that the co-channel interference is both spatially and temporally white. Recently researchers have proposed different architectures for materializing the potential of the MIMO scheme. We consider three different types of channels: AWGN, Rician fading and Rayleigh fading. The entire work will be simulated in the Monti Carlo simulations. The main contribution of this study includes: A comparative study and a head to head comparison of the different modulation types based MIMO systems. The application of adaptive modulation in the MIMO system will be considered.

Copyright

© 2013 I.A.Z. Qatawneh. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.