Research Article Open Access

Phycoremediation and the Potential of Sustainable Algal Biofuel Production using Wastewater

Adel A. Fathi1, Mohamed M. Azooz2 and Mohamed A. Al-Fredan3
  • 1 El-Minia University, Egypt
  • 2 South Valley University, Egypt
  • 3 King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia
American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 10 No. 2, 2013, 189-194

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2013.189.194

Published On: 27 February 2013

How to Cite: Fathi, A. A., Azooz, M. M. & Al-Fredan, M. A. (2013). Phycoremediation and the Potential of Sustainable Algal Biofuel Production using Wastewater. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 10(2), 189-194. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2013.189.194

Abstract

Wastewater remediation by microalgae is an eco-friendly process with no secondary pollution as long as the biomass produced is reused and allows efficient nutrient recycling. This study was undertaken to evaluate the remediation of wastewater by the green alga Chlorella vulgaris and the potential of these alga (biomass) to produce sustainable biofuel. The results shows that the cultivation of green alga Chlorella vulgaris on wastewater has a positive effect on removal the major inorganic elements form the wastewater. Biodiesel can be produced from Chlorella vulgaris. The Chlorella vulgaris can be used for remediation of wastewater and the producing biomass can be used as source of renewable energy.

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Keywords

  • Phycoremedation
  • Water
  • Algae
  • Biofuel