American Journal of Applied Sciences

Advanced Energy Efficient Passive Clustering Mobility in Wireless Sensor Networks

Aouad Siham, Maach Abdelillah and El Ganami Driss

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2013.1558.1569

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 10, Issue 12

Pages 1558-1569

Abstract

Wireless sensor networks have a wide applicability and increase deployment in the near future. In most of those applications, the network is composed of an important number of nodes deployed in an extensive area in which not all nodes are directly connected and based on clustering techniques. The Clustering can considerably reduce transmission overhead during flooding. In fact, by using clustering, we minimize the set of forwarding nodes during transmission and consequently reduce the energy cost and traffic overhead in topology environments. In this study, we present passive clustering mechanisms and the main clustering protocols proposed for wireless sensor networks; we also introduce a new protocol designated for mobile nodes in wireless sensor network that is based on the APC-T. This mechanism provides the stability of clusters after each departs of cluster-head and allows balanced energy consumption among the sensor nodes. Comparison with the existing schemes such as APC-T and Geographically Repulsive Insomnious Distributed Sensors (GRIDS) proves that the mechanism for selecting a backup of cluster-head nodes, which is the most important factor influencing the clustering performance, can significantly improves the network lifetime.

Copyright

© 2013 Aouad Siham, Maach Abdelillah and El Ganami Driss. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.