American Journal of Applied Sciences

Ameliorate Fuzzy C-Means: An Ameliorate Fuzzy C-Means Clustering Algorithm for CT-Lung Image Segmentation

J. Bridget Nirmala and S. Gowri

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2013.1439.1447

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 10, Issue 11

Pages 1439-1447

Abstract

Effective and efficient image segmentation acts as a preliminary stage for the computer-aided diagnosis of medical images. For image segmentation, many FCM-based clustering techniques have been proposed. Regrettably, the existing FCM technique does not generate accurate and standardized segmentation results. This is due to the noise present in the image as well as the random initialization of membership values for pixels. To address this issue, this study has enhanced the existing FCM technique and proposed a technique named Ameliorate FCM (AFCM). Initially, the given image is preprocessed to remove the noise using the Contrast Limited Adaptive Histogram Equalization (CLAHE) technique. The preprocessed image is given as input to a Bayesian classifier to classify the images into two set namely normal and abnormal using a Hybrid feature selection method. The classified images are given as input to the proposed segmentation technique, which overcomes the drawbacks of existing FCM technique. Here, the membership value of the pixels of an image is standardized and clustered to segment the regions. Experiments are carried out using lung images to determine the efficiency of the proposed technique. Results of the experiment show that the proposed technique outperforms the existing FCM technique.

Copyright

© 2013 J. Bridget Nirmala and S. Gowri. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.