American Journal of Applied Sciences

Experimental Study on Natural Fibers for Green Acoustic Absorption Materials

Lamyaa Abd ALRahman, Raja Ishak Raja and Roslan Abdul Rahman

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2013.1307.1314

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 10, Issue 10

Pages 1307-1314

Abstract

Natural fibre materials are one of the major ways to improve environmental pollution and new materials need to be considered to find the best solutions. This study presents an experimental investigation on pure micro porous materials from two types of fibers: Date Palm Fibre (DPF) and Coconut Coir Fibre (CCF). This study was conducted to examine the potential for using these two types of fibers as sound absorbers. To account for the effects of the characteristics of these materials, such as thickness and density, on the acoustic absorption coefficient of a sound absorber, the measurements were conducted in an impedance tube on normal incidence acoustic absorption. The experimental data indicate that two peak values of Acoustic Absorption Coefficient (AAC) are 0.98 at 1381.25 Hz-1506.25 Hz for the 40 mm thick sample and the AAC at high frequency for the same thickness is 0.99 at 4521.88-4906.25 Hz; for 20 mm thickness, the peak value is 0.84 at 2606.25-3025 Hz. The AAC of the CCF sample is 0.77 at 2434.38-2543.75 Hz for a 40 mm thickness, but for 20 mm thickness, the value is 0.71 at 4184.38-4575 Hz. The Acoustic Absorption Coefficients (AAC) of the two types of materials were increased at all frequencies when the thickness of the sample was increased. The results show that date palm fibre and coconut coir fibre have good acoustic properties at low and high frequencies and can be used as an alternative replacement to conventional products. The comparisons between the two panels show a good potential because they are cheaper and lighter in comparison to asbestos and rock wool industrial materials.

Copyright

© 2013 Lamyaa Abd ALRahman, Raja Ishak Raja and Roslan Abdul Rahman. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.