Evaluation of Aquifer Characteristics in Echi, Delta State, Nigeria Using Well Logging and Pumping Test Method
DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2013.1263.1269
American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 10, Issue 10
This study was carried out to evaluate the aquifer characteristics of groundwater at Echi, Delta State, Nigeria. This was carried out by conducting electrical resistivity and spontaneous potential loggings in a drilled well at the study location. Pumping test using a one kilowatt pumping machine was carried out in the well. The logs were interpreted while the record of the pumping test was analysed using the Jacob straight line method. The result showed that five lithologic formations which are lateritic sand, clay, fine sand, medium grain sand and coarse sand exist in the area and that groundwater exist in the third, fourth and fifth formations. The analysis of the log record showed that the water quality increased with respect to the depth of the well. The value of the conductivity of the aquifer obtained from the analysis of the log record was 5.8×10-3 mS/m while the transmissivity was obtained as 86.0 m2/day. The specific capacity of the aquifer was obtained as 0.258. These values obtained from the test well revealed that the aquifer contained good quality water suitable for drinking and other purposes.
© 2013 Ochuko Anomohanran. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.