American Journal of Applied Sciences

Automatic Palmprint Identification based on High Order Zernike Moment

R. Gayathri and P. Ramamoorthy

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2012.759.765

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 9, Issue 5

Pages 759-765

Abstract

Problem statement: Hand geometry contains relatively invariant features of an individual. Palmprint recognition is an efficient biometric solution for authentication system. The existence of several hand-based authentication commercial systems indicates the effectiveness of this type of biometric. Approach: We proposed a palmprint verification system using high order Zernike moment that was robust to rotation, translation and occlusion. Zernike moment was an efficient algorithm for representing the shape features of an image. The design consists of feature extraction and matching of image using high order Zernike moment. Zernike moments at high orders was calculated from the image and the image was classified using K-Nearest Neighborhood (KNN). The reason for using Zernike moment was that it was the best algorithm due to its orthogonality and rotation invariance property. Results and Conclusion: Computational cost can be reduced by detecting the common term of Zernike moment. Experiments and classifications have been performed using Hong Kong PolyU palm print database with 125 individuals’ left hand palm images; every person has 5 samples, totaling up to 625. We then get every person’s palm images as a template (totaling 125). The remaining 500 are used as the training samples. The proposed palmprint authentication system achieves a recognition accuracy of 98% and interesting working point with False Acceptance Rate (FAR) of = 1.062% and False Rejection Rate (FRR) of = 0%. Experimental evaluation demonstrates the efficient recognition performance of the proposed algorithm compared with conventional palmprint recognition algorithms.

Copyright

© 2012 R. Gayathri and P. Ramamoorthy. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.