Bitrate Scalability for Multi-Pulse Based Code Excited Linear Prediction Speech Coder
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Copyright: © 2021 Suphattharachai Chomphan and Chutarat Chompunth. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Problem statement: The bitrate scalability is an important functionality that is defined in the Moving Picture Expert Group (MPEG-4) requirements. Since the traffic in a communication network varies with time, the capability of varying the bitrate of a speech coder is needed. Approach: This study proposes an approach to vary the bitrate by using a bitrate scalable tool which is attached with the core section of Multi-Pulse based Code Excited Linear Predictive (MP-CELP) coder. The bitrates scalable tool employs multi-stage excitation coding based on an embedded-coding approach. The multi-pulse excitation codebook at each stage is adaptively produced depending on the selected excitation signal at the previous stage. Results: The experimental results show that the speech quality of the proposed coder with the bitrate scalable tools is improved above the speech quality of the conventional coder. Conclusion: From the study, the proposed approach gives a tool to improve the speech compression and can also support a variety of coder bitrates.
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- Thai speech
- Multi-Pulse based Code Excited Linear Predictive (MP-CELP)
- speech compression
- bitrates scalability
- MOS scores