American Journal of Applied Sciences

Determination of Antioxidants in Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches

Ng Mei Han and Choo Yuen May

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2012.1862.1867

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 9, Issue 11

Pages 1862-1867

Abstract

The oil palm Fresh Fruit Bunches (FFB) undergoes sterilization before being threshed to separate the fruits from the bunch. Upon threshing, the fruits were pressed for its oil while the now Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) will be discarded or used as biomass. It is believed that the EFB contains small amount of oil as well as phytonutrients which contain antioxidative property. This study reports on the extraction and analyses of various types of phenolic compounds, which have been known to exhibit antioxidant property, from the EFB. Different methods were employed in order to extract the Soluble Free (SF), Insoluble Bound (ISB) and Esterified Free (EF) phenolics in the EFB. Analyses of these phenolics were carried out spectrophotometricaly. The concentrations of the SF, ISB and EF phenolics varies among the wet and dried EFB extracts. All the extracts from both wet and dried EFB exhibit radical scavenging activities.

Copyright

© 2012 Ng Mei Han and Choo Yuen May. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.