American Journal of Applied Sciences

Integration of Quantum Cryptography through Satellite Networks Transmission

Skander Aris, Abderraouf Messai, Malek Benslama, Merabtine Nadjim and Mosleh M-Elharti

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2011.71.76

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 8, Issue 1

Pages 71-76

Abstract

Problem statement: The security of the telecommunications satellite has become a crucial issue. The telecommunications can be set using the classical cryptography. But this so-called classical cryptography provides cryptographic security. This means that security is based on the difficulty of some mathematics problems. On the other hand, quantum cryptography provides security without conditions based on the law of quantum physics. This method, called the theoretic information security is evidenced using the theory of information. Approach: In this study, we study whether quantum cryptography can be applied in the frame of the satellite telecommunications network. To do this in our project, we present theories regarding the following issues: Telecommunications Station and Satellite Communication Networks, Quantum Key Distribution, Open Space and Satellites, Analyses in different Scenarios between the Satellite and Earth station. Results: Quantum communications offers many advantages for secure data transmission, in our implementation study, we presented different scenarios of quantum key exchange between satellites and ground stations for possible approach to subsystem with quantum communication in space, capable of generating and detecting entangled photons as well as faint laser pulses. Conclusion: The use of satellites to distribute quantum photon provides a unique solution for long-distance. Moreover, quantum cryptography is a satisfactory solution to improve the safety problem. So, the quantum transmissions are the future of telecommunications.

Copyright

© 2011 Skander Aris, Abderraouf Messai, Malek Benslama, Merabtine Nadjim and Mosleh M-Elharti. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.