Implementation Weather-Type Models of Capacitated Arc Routing Problem via Heuristics
Zuhaimy Ismail and Mohammad F. Ramli
DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2011.382.392
American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 8, Issue 4
Problem statement: In this study, we introduced a new and real-life condition of Capacitated Arc Routing Problem (CARP), a model that represents vehicles operation in waste collection. In general, we studied the element of rain drops that affected the collected waste weight in total by imposed a new variable namely rainy weight age. In rainy days, the household refusals did not increase in volumes, but in weights due to rain drops. Consequently, this matter thus burdened vehicles capacity and prolonged its operation time. This dynamic variable thus changes the initial CARP model where the existing model did not consider other external elements that have effected onto the model. Approach: Then we developed and enhanced CARP by integrating stochastic demand and time windows to suit the models with our specific case. Results: Objectively, CARP with stochastic demand (CARPSD) and CARP with time windows (CARPTW) were designed to minimize the total routing cost and number of trips for a vehicle. Our approach is to design CARP models in almost likely to road layout in residential area and graphically this model is called mesh network. We also developed a constructive heuristic that is called nearest procedure based on highest demand/cost (NPHDC) and work in conjunction with switching rules to search the feasible solution. Conclusion: Our preliminary results show a higher cost and more trips are needed when the vehicle operates in rainy day compared to normal day operation.
© 2011 Zuhaimy Ismail and Mohammad F. Ramli. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.