American Journal of Applied Sciences

A Review of Acetol: Application and Production

Mohd Hanif Mohamad, Roila Awang and Wan Md Zin Wan Yunus

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2011.1135.1139

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 8, Issue 11

Pages 1135-1139

Abstract

Problem statement: Acetol is used as organic intermediates because it contains both hydroxyl and carbonyl functional groups and mainly use to produce polyols and acrolein. It also widely uses as reduced dyes and skin tanning agent. The commercially used acetol is made from petroleum-based that leads to high cost of production. Approach: This review highlighted applications of acetol and established methods and factors affecting acetol selectivity. Global market of acetol and its contribution in Malaysia were also surveyed. Results: Multiple ways which was through dehydration of glycerol or dehydrogenation of polyols and sugar alcohols could be applied to produce acetol. Conclusion: The approach using glycerol as feedstock since its economic viable in the presence of metal supported acidic catalyst is the very promising and reliable because it’s high conversion and selectivity. The production under optimum conditions still remained as an open challenge to all researchers.

Copyright

© 2011 Mohd Hanif Mohamad, Roila Awang and Wan Md Zin Wan Yunus. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.