Design and Optimization of a 1.55 Ám Waveguide Based on Silicon Planar Photonic Crystals
R. Bchir, A. Bardaoui, M. Machhout, R. Chtourou and H. Ezzaouia
DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2010.77.80
American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 7, Issue 1
Background: Silicon based Planar Photonic Crystals (PPC) are used for the design of a 1.55 µm waveguide. Line defects are then formed in the PPC structures, by removing rows of holes, to obtain a Planar Photonic Crystal Waveguide (PPCW). Objective: First, we varied the thickness of the Silicon slab and the pore radius in order to obtain optimum design parameters leading to a large and complete bandgap. Next, we present a study of the guided modes in the PPCW for different widths of the waveguide by removing 1, 2 and 3 rows (W1, W2 and W3) of holes from the crystal. Methodology: Band structure calculations were performed using a block-iterative frequency-domain code to find the design parameters of both triangular and square photonic crystal slab lattices of air holes. The frequency domain method for Maxwell's equations in a plane-wave basis was used to calculate the dispersion relations for the guided modes for several widths of the waveguides. Results: The structure with the larger width has a much more complicated dispersion diagram. The most important difference between the three structures (W1, W2 and W3) is that in the case of the wider waveguide, several modes exist at all bandgap frequencies. Conclusion: The structures with a single line defect (W1), there are no leaky modes in the frequency range in which modes become guided. This result indicates that this structure is most preferable.
© 2010 R. Bchir, A. Bardaoui, M. Machhout, R. Chtourou and H. Ezzaouia. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.