Prevalence of Low Back Pain and its Risk Factors among School Teachers
Nurul Izzah Abdul Samad, Haslinda Abdullah, Saidi Moin, Shamsul Bahri Mohd Tamrin and Zailina Hashim
DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2010.634.639
American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 7, Issue 5
Problem statement: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of low back pain and the associated risk factors among primary school teachers in the Klang Valley, Malaysia. Approach: A cross sectional study was conducted in nine primary schools in the Klang Valley. The schools were selected randomly from a list obtained from the Ministry of Education. Two hundred and seventy two respondents who fulfilled the study criteria volunteered to participate in the study. A questionnaire was used to determine the demographic and occupational information. Information on low back pain was assessed using a Nordic Questionnaire, while the General Health Questionnaire was used to determine the mental health status. Results: The prevalence of low back pain was 40.4% among respondents. Lifting load (28.0%) was ranked as the main factor which contributed to low back pain, followed by prolonged sitting (25.2%). Poor mental health (OR 1.11, 95% CI 1.06-1.15) was the risk factor to low back pain. Conclusion: The prevalence of low back pain was 40.4% among primary school teachers in Klang Valley. Teachers with poor mental health status had higher risk of developing low back pain.
© 2010 Nurul Izzah Abdul Samad, Haslinda Abdullah, Saidi Moin, Shamsul Bahri Mohd Tamrin and Zailina Hashim. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.