American Journal of Applied Sciences

The Potential of Extended Aeration System for Sago Effluent Treatment

Wahi Abd Rashid, Hamdan Musa, Wong Sing King and Kopli Bujang

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2010.616.619

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 7, Issue 5

Pages 616-619

Abstract

Problem statement: Sago effluent contains large amount of organic material which has a potential to cause water pollution. In order to reduce this problem, an experiment was conducted to remove organic material from sago effluent using lab scale of Extended Aeration (EA) system. Approach: The EA system consisted of the combination of physical and biological treatment unit. For Physical Treatment Unit (PTU), the sago effluent was filtered using 710 μm mesh size filter. For Biological Treatment Unit (BTU), the effluent were mixed and aerated with activated sago sludge for 48 h. The treatment efficiency with respect to Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and Total Suspended Solid (TSS) removal were evaluated and compared with regulatory requirement by Department of Environment, Malaysia. Results: The result showed, the EA system could reduce BOD, COD and TSS up to 84, 87.8 and 73% respectively, however it did not comply with the regulatory requirement. Conclusion: This study suggested the EA system have potential to be apply on sago effluent, however it should be integrated with additional treatment unit to achieve the effluent quality standard.

Copyright

© 2010 Wahi Abd Rashid, Hamdan Musa, Wong Sing King and Kopli Bujang. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.