Effect of Thickness of Tris (8-Hydroxyquinolinato) Aluminum on the Photoluminescence and I-V Characteristic of Organic Light Emitting Structure
Lim Mei Yee, Wan Mahmood Mat Yunus, Zainal Abidin Talib and Anuar Kassim
DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2010.1215.1218
American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 7, Issue 9
Problem statement: How the thickness of the tris (8-hydroxyquinolinato) Aluminum (Alq3) effect the optical and electrical properties of organic light emitting diode. Approach: The optimum thickness, photoluminescence and current-voltage characteristic of Alq3 layer on N, N-bis (inaphthyl)- N,N-diphenyl-1,1-biphenyl-4,4-diamine (55 nm) layer in Organic Light-Emitting Devices (OLED) structure are reported. Alq3 and NPB organic layers are used as Electron Transport Layer (ETL) and as Hole Transport Layer (HTL) in Organic Light-Emitting Devices (OLED). The thin layers of the NPB and Alq3 were prepared by thermal evaporation method. Results: The Alq3 layer was evaporated on the NPB layer for thickness ranging from 16 to 134 nm and photoluminescence and I-V characteristic were studied using fiber optics spectrophotometer (Ocean Optics- USB 2000 FLG) and current-voltage source (Keithley, model 2400). Conclusion: It was found that the Alq3 with 84 nm thicknesses gives the highest photoluminescence peak at 520 nm wavelengths, as well as the lowest turn on voltage of the device. The optical reflectance spectra for every sample were also reported.
© 2010 Lim Mei Yee, Wan Mahmood Mat Yunus, Zainal Abidin Talib and Anuar Kassim. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.