American Journal of Applied Sciences

Effect of Germination on γ-Oryzanol Content of Selected Sarawak Rice Cultivars

Sie-Cheong Kiing, Pang-Hung Yiu, Amartalingam Rajan and Sie-Chuong Wong

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2009.1658.1661

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 6, Issue 9

Pages 1658-1661

Abstract

Problem statement: Rice is rich in complex carbohydrates and beneficial bioactive compounds such as γ-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA), γ-oryzanol and vitamin. Several bioactive components are known to accumulate in rice during germination process. This study was to investigate the effect of germination process on γ-oryzanol levels in selected Sarawak local rice cultivars. Approach: Rice seeds were germinated for 4, 8, 12, 16, 18, 20 or 24 h at 25°C and samples were processed and analyzed for γ-oryzanol content. A partial extraction method was used for quantitative γ-oryzanol analysis. Results: Result showed γ-oryzanol concentrations in the rice cultivars varied from 0.099-0.340 mg g-1 on dry weight basis. Cultivars Udang Halus and Silah showed the highest concentration of γ-oryzanol after 16 h germination. Conclusion: The germination process exhibited diverse effects on the γ-oryzanol accumulation in rice and it was cultivar dependent.

Copyright

© 2009 Sie-Cheong Kiing, Pang-Hung Yiu, Amartalingam Rajan and Sie-Chuong Wong. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.