American Journal of Applied Sciences

The Effect of Milling Time on Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 Compositional Evolution and Particle Size Distribution

I. Ismayadi, M. Hashim, A. M. Khamirul and R. Alias

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2009.1548.1552

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 6, Issue 8

Pages 1548-1552

Abstract

Problem statement: This study involved an investigation to ascertain the diffusion of NiO and ZnO into the tetrahedral and octahedral sites using mechanical alloying method. The effect of mechanical alloying towards particle size was also reported. Approach: NiO, ZnO and Fe2O3 precursors were mechanically alloyed to synthesis ultrafine powders of Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4. Various milling times were employed to study the effect of milling time on the materials. The ultrafine powder was sampled after each milling time and further characterized using XRD to investigate the phases of the powder and the crystallite size, SEM for the morphology and TEM for particle size investigation. Results: The XRD spectra indicated the precursors reacted during milling with the diffusion of ZnO and followed by NiO into their respective crystallographic sites. SEM micrographs showed the agglomeration of powders due to high energy milling and TEM images proved the particles of the materials were of nanosize. Conclusion: It was concluded that samples prepared using mechanical alloying technique appear to be a potential method for large production due to the possible reduction of cost and also reduction of particle size against milling time.

Copyright

© 2009 I. Ismayadi, M. Hashim, A. M. Khamirul and R. Alias. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.