American Journal of Applied Sciences

Synthesis of Mesoporous Titania with Surfactant and its Characterization

T. Benkacem and N. Agoudjil

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2008.1437.1441

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 5, Issue 11

Pages 1437-1441

Abstract

A mesoporous titania was obtained by gelation from Ti-alkoxide in acidic solutions with addition of surfactant cetyltrimetylammonium bromide (CH3(CH2)15N(CH3)3Br) using a sol-gel process. The effects of surfactant concentration on synthesis of mesoporous titania were studied. The structural characterisation was studied by differential thermal analysis, infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction. Studies by X-ray diffraction showed that crystallisation of TiO2 powder occurs at 200°C, above 200°C we obtained a mixture of two forms-Anatase and rutile. The textural characterisation by nitrogen adsorption-desorption allowed us to observe the variation of the surface area, porous volume and pore diameters according to temperature and [CTAB]/[Ti-alkoxide] molar ratio. The analysis of the results shows that addition of surfactant residue increases considerably its pore diameters. The deposit thin layers has been realized with a sol prepared with the destabilization of colloidal solutions process. Scanning electron-spectroscopy observation for thermally treated (at 400 and 600°C) samples, showed homogeneous layers without cracking.

Copyright

© 2008 T. Benkacem and N. Agoudjil. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.