American Journal of Applied Sciences

Impact of Takeoff Angle of Bucket Type Energy Dissipater on Scour Hole

Nor Azlina Alias, Thamer Ahmed Mohamed, Abdul Halim Ghazali and Megat Johari Megat Mohd. Noor

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2008.117.121

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 5, Issue 2

Pages 117-121

Abstract

Scour holes formed downstream of bucket type energy dissipater may affect the safety and stability of the structure. In this study, a physical model is employed to study the impact of takeoff angle of bucket type energy dissipater on the scour hole. The area of longitudinal profile of the scour hole is used to evaluate the seriousness of the scour at downstream of the bucket type energy dissipater. Experimental results showed that the takeoff angle of 45° is the optimum angle which gives minimum longitudinal area of the scour hole. Also, validation of selected equations for predicting maximum scour depth at downstream of the bucket type energy dissipater showed that the equation proposed by Schoklitsch gave minimum error (33%) [1].

Copyright

© 2008 Nor Azlina Alias, Thamer Ahmed Mohamed, Abdul Halim Ghazali and Megat Johari Megat Mohd. Noor. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.