American Journal of Applied Sciences

Finite Element and Experimental Serviceability Analysis of HSC Beams Strengthened with FRP Sheets

Seyed Hamid Hashemi, Reza Rahgozar and Ali Akbar Maghsoudi

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2007.725.735

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 4, Issue 9

Pages 725-735

Abstract

The use of externally bonded composite sheets or laminates is by now a diffuse technique to strengthen existing RC structures. However, some aspects of flexural condition still need experimental and numerical analysis; furthermore, especially for serviceability checks, there is a lack of code provisions. Six reinforced high strength concrete (HSC) beams strengthened with FRP sheets were fabricated and tested, the finite element (FE) models adopted by ANSYS was performed to examine the structural behavior of tested beams was performed. A comparison between the finite element analysis results and the experimental data available on the specimens was made and by using trial and error method, the finite element model was calibrated. Six under-reinforced concrete beams were fabricated and tested to failure. With the exception of the control beam, one or four layers of CFRP were applied to the specimens. The structural response throughout the loading regime was primarily captured in terms of the load deflection behavior. The load deflection plots obtained from numerical study show good agreement with the experimental results. The serviceability characteristics of the test beams were evaluated in terms of the crack width, deflection and stress in steel and concrete. The crack patterns in the beams are also presented.

Copyright

© 2007 Seyed Hamid Hashemi, Reza Rahgozar and Ali Akbar Maghsoudi. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.