American Journal of Applied Sciences

Flow Characteristics in Elastic Arteries Using a Fluid-Structure Interaction Model

H. Niroomand Oscuii, M. Tafazzoli Shadpour and Farzan Ghalichi

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2007.516.524

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 4, Issue 8

Pages 516-524

Abstract

In this study the interaction of blood flow with arterial wall has been investigated using FSI (Fluid-Structure Interaction) modeling. Computer simulation of pulsatile blood flow was carried out on the basis of the time dependent axisymmetric Navier-Stokes equations for an incompressible Newtonian fluid flow. An elastic incompressible material with large deformation was considered for the arterial wall and momentum and continuity equations of elastodynamics have been solved. The specified boundary conditions for the Navier-Stokes equations were the pulsatile pressure waveforms of the brachial artery at inflow and outflow to the given pulse wave form of a cardiac cycle. Fluid and solid equations were solved with the ALE-based loose coupling method for FSI problems. Resultant flow, wall displacement, wall shear stress and wall circumferential strain waves, and their phase differences were determined. Stiffening of the arterial wall resulted in a significant decrease in the mean values of flow and wall shear stress and altered waveforms. A tenfold increase in wall stiffness caused 33% drop in flow and negative values of shear stress in 21% of the pressure pulse. For elastic moduli corresponding to wall displacements less than 1% the blood flow and wall shear stress were not sensitive to wall stiffness. Stress phase angle was altered by stiffening of the arterial wall. It was concluded that FSI modeling with pressure boundary conditions provides a proper evaluation of hemodynamic parameters that may determine endothelial injury.

Copyright

© 2007 H. Niroomand Oscuii, M. Tafazzoli Shadpour and Farzan Ghalichi. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.