American Journal of Applied Sciences

Modeling of Stress- Strain Curves of Drained Triaxial Test on Sand

Awad A. Karni and Abdulhafiz Alshenawy

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2006.2108.2113

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 3, Issue 11

Pages 2108-2113


This paper presents a hyperbolic mathematical model to predict the complete stress-strain curve of drained triaxial tests on uniform dense sand. The model was formed in one equation with many parameters. The main parameters that are needed to run the model are the confining pressure, angle of friction and the relative density. The other parameters, initial and final slopes of the stress strain curve, the reference stress and the curve-shape parameter are determined as functions of the confining pressure, angle of friction and the relative density using best fitting curve technique from the experimental tests results. Drained triaxial tests were run on clean white uniform sand to utilize and verify this model. These tests were carried out at four levels of confining pressure of 100, 200, 300 and 400 kPa. This model was used to predict the stress-strain curves for drained triaxial tests on quartz sand at different relative density using the data of Kouner[1]. The model predictions were compared with the experimental results and showed good agreements of the predicted results with the experimental results at all levels of applied confining pressures and relative densities.


© 2006 Awad A. Karni and Abdulhafiz Alshenawy. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.