American Journal of Applied Sciences

The 2D Eulerian Approach of Entrained Flow and Temperature in a Biomass Stratified Downdraft Gasifier

A. Rogel and Jasni Aguillón

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2006.2068.2075

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 3, Issue 10

Pages 2068-2075

Abstract

This paper describes a “1-D+2-D” numerical model used to simulate the gasification of pine wood pellets in a stratified downdraft gasifier whereby Eulerian conservation equations are solved for particle and gas phase components, velocities and specific enthalpies. The model takes into account the biomass particle process such as heating up, drying, primary pyrolysis of biomass, secondary pyrolysis of tar, homogeneous reactions and heterogeneous combustion/ gasification reactions and particle size change. This CFD model can be used to predict temperature profiles, gas composition, producer gas lower heating value and carbon conversion efficiency and the reactor performance when operating parameters and feed properties are changed. The standard κ-ε and RNG κ-ε models were used to simulate the turbulent flow conditions.

Copyright

© 2006 A. Rogel and Jasni Aguillón. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.