American Journal of Applied Sciences

Modelling and Forecasting Volatility of Returns on the Ghana Stock Exchange Using Garch Models

Frimpong Joseph Magnus and Oteng-Abayie Eric Fosu

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2006.2042.2048

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 3, Issue 10

Pages 2042-2048

Abstract

This paper models and forecasts volatility (conditional variance) on the Ghana Stock Exchange using a random walk (RW), GARCH(1,1), EGARCH(1,1), and TGARCH(1,1) models. The unique ‘three days a week’ Databank Stock Index (DSI) was used to study the dynamics of the Ghana stock market volatility over a 10-year period. The competing volatility models were estimated and their specification and forecast performance compared with each other, using AIC and LL information criteria and BDS nonlinearity diagnostic checks. The DSI exhibits the stylized characteristics such as volatility clustering, leptokurtosis and asymmetry effects associated with stock market returns on more advanced stock markets. The random walk hypothesis is rejected for the DSI. Overall, the GARCH (1,1) model outperformed the other models under the assumption that the innovations follow a normal distribution.

Copyright

© 2006 Frimpong Joseph Magnus and Oteng-Abayie Eric Fosu. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.