American Journal of Applied Sciences

Preparation and Characterization of Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Composite Material: Polymerization of m-Aminobenzoic Acid-Intercalated Into Zn/Al-Layered Double Hydroxides

Rasheed M.A.Q. Jamhour

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2005.1028.1031

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 2, Issue 6

Pages 1028-1031

Abstract

Layered double hydroxides of aluminum and zinc (Zn/Al-LDH’s) were synthesized directly by hydrolysis at room temperature as reported elsewhere. After characterization, the material was reacted with m-aminobenzoat anion (m-NH2C6H4COO-) which undergoes polymerization in the interlayer space; resulting in the formation of a matrix with polymeric organic macromolecule. The resulting material along with the host LDH’s compound of Zn/Al-Cl was characterized by X-Ray Powder Diffraction (PXRD), Thermal Analysis (TG), Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA), and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). The study confirms the intercalation of m-aminobenzoat anion. Diffusion of oxygen molecules between the contact region of two anions in the interlayer space and oxidation of the anion lead to the formation of a polymer macromolecule. This intercalation compound result in a gallery height of 15.8 A, indicating that the guest anion stack to form a monolayer with the benzene rings perpendicular to the host layers, giving a suitable orientation for polymerization.

Copyright

© 2005 Rasheed M.A.Q. Jamhour. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.