American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences

Heterophylly in Murraya exotica L. (Rutaceae)

I. P. Astuti, Purnomo, R. Susandarini and Paul Holford

DOI : 10.3844/ajabssp.2016.45.50

American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences

Volume 11, Issue 1

Pages 45-50

Abstract

Heterophylly, the existence of different leaf types and leaflet shapes on the same plant was observed for the first time in Murraya exotica L. populations from different locations in Java, Indonesia. In each population, three types of compound leaves (paripinnate, imparipinnate and intermediate) and three types of leaflet shape (oblong, rounded and obcordate) were observed. This heterophyllous condition was found on both juvenile and adult plants. The variation in leaf type and leaflet shape may be due to the environmental conditions prevailing at the time of leaf production directing leaf development or due to developmental noise caused by random interactions between genes and the environment.

Copyright

© 2016 I. P. Astuti, Purnomo, R. Susandarini and Paul Holford. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.