American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences

The Resistance Evaluation of Dry Subtropics Brown Soils to Heavy Metal and Oil Contamination by Biological Indicators

Sergey Ilyich Kolesnikov, Natalya Aleksandrovna Petrova, Kamil Shagidullovich Kazeev, Natalya Aleksandrovna Vernigorova, Tatyana Mikhaelovna Minkina, Svetlana Nikolaevna Sushkova and Yuliya Viktorovna Akimenko

DOI : 10.3844/ajabssp.2016.110.116

American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences

Volume 11, Issue 3

Pages 110-116

Abstract

Contamination of brown calcareous soils with Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb and oil leads to deterioration of their biological properties. There is a reduction in activity of catalase and dehydrogenase, an abundance of Azotobacter genus bacteria, cellulolytic activity and the length of radish roots. As a rule, there is a direct relationship between the content of contaminant in the soil and degree of deterioration of biological properties of the soil. According to the degree of negative impact on the biological properties of brown soil heavy metals form the following series: Cr > Cu > = Pb > = Ni. The pattern that chromium is more toxic and copper, lead and nickel have less and similar to each other degree of toxicity was established earlier in research conducted by the same method, with other soils in southern Russia. According to the degree of resistance brown soils are close to chestnut soils, they are less stable than chernozems and more stable than brown semi desert soils. Regional standards of Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb and oil content in brown soils of Ciscaucasia dry subtropics Ciscaucasia are proposed.

Copyright

© 2016 Sergey Ilyich Kolesnikov, Natalya Aleksandrovna Petrova, Kamil Shagidullovich Kazeev, Natalya Aleksandrovna Vernigorova, Tatyana Mikhaelovna Minkina, Svetlana Nikolaevna Sushkova and Yuliya Viktorovna Akimenko. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.