EFFECT OF UREA WITH NUTRISPHERE-N POLYMER IN FALL AND SPRING NITROGEN APPLICATIONS FOR CORN
Pawel Wiatrak and Walter B. Gordon
DOI : 10.3844/ajabssp.2014.89.93
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Volume 9, Issue 1
Polymer coated urea may be a viable option to improve Nitrogen (N) uptake and corn (Zea mays L.) grain yields, especially in areas with relatively high soil N loss. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of two urea application timings (fall and spring) and three N rates (90, 180 and 270 kg N ha-1) with and without Nutrisphere-N polymer on irrigated corn near Scandia, KS from 2006 to 2008. Compared to uncoated N, urea coated with Nutrisphere-N improved grain yields by 18.3% with applications of 180 kg N ha-1 in the fall. Application of urea with Nutrisphere-N in the spring produced similar grain yields for treatments with and without Nutrisphere-N. Corn ear-leaf content was highest with urea applied at 90 kg N ha-1 in the fall and urea coated with Nutrisphere-N at 180 and 240 kg N ha-1 in the fall and spring. Grain N content was highest from urea coated with Nutrisphere-N application at 270 kg N ha-1 in the fall and spring. Compared to untreated urea, Nutrisphere-N improved grain N removal by 29.6% at 180 kg N ha-1 applied in the fall. Spring urea application with Nutrisphere-N produced similar grain N removal compared to urea without Nutrisphere-N. Generally, adding Nutrisphere-N to urea fertilizer may help improve N content in leaves and grain and increase grain yields of corn, especially with the fall N applications having higher potential of soil N loss.
© 2014 Pawel Wiatrak and Walter B. Gordon. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.