Silkworm Pupae Protect Against Alzheimer’s Disease
Jintanaporn Wattanathorn, Supaporn Muchimapura, Artit Boosel, Sombat Kongpa, Wiroje Kaewrueng, Terdthai Tong-Un, Panakaporn Wannanon and Wipawee Thukhammee
DOI : 10.3844/ajabssp.2012.330.336
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Volume 7, Issue 3
Silkworm (Bombyx mori) pupae have long been used as food and medicine in Asian countries. It is reputed for the treatment of numerous neurological disorders related to oxidative stress including stroke. Therefore, we hypothesized that silkworm pupae could attenuate memory impairment and neurodegeneration in Alzheimer’s disease. In the present study, we determined the effect of silkworm pupae on the neurodegeneration and memory impairment in animal model of Alzheimer’s disease. Adult male Wistar rats, weighing 180-220 g, were orally given the silkworm pupae at doses of 60, 90 and 135 mg kg-1 BW 14 days before and 7 days after the bilateral administration of AF64A, a cholinotoxin, via intracerebroventricular route. The animals were determined the memory using Morris water maze test and determined the density of neurons in hippocampus. All doses of silkworm pupae used in this study significantly mitigated the memory impairment and the decreased neurons density in hippocampus. To explore the possible underlying mechanism of the cognitive enhancing effect and neuroprotective effect, the activity of acetylcholinesterase enzyme and the Malondialdehyde (MDA), the oxidative marker were determined respectively. Our results clearly demonstrated that the cognitive enhancing effect of silkworm pupae occurred at least via the increased cholinergic function while its neuroprotective effect occurred via the decrease oxidative stress. In conclusion, silkworm pupae appear to be the potential functional food to protect against Alzheimer’s disease.
© 2012 Jintanaporn Wattanathorn, Supaporn Muchimapura, Artit Boosel, Sombat Kongpa, Wiroje Kaewrueng, Terdthai Tong-Un, Panakaporn Wannanon and Wipawee Thukhammee. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.