Implications of Method Chosen for Analysis of Fatty Acids in Meat: A Review
Livia Facuri Araujo Macedo, Ellen Cristina Quirino Lacerda, Roberio Rodrigues Silva, Julliana Izabelle Simionato, Mayka Reghiany Pedrao, Fabio Augusto Garcia Coro and Nilson Evelazio de Souza
DOI : 10.3844/ajabssp.2012.278.284
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Volume 7, Issue 3
The influence of the beef Fatty Acid (FA) profile on human health, has become a recurring concern. For an analysis of the lipid composition of food, it is necessary that the complex lipids be quantified in a suitable form for subsequent analysis of their composition by gas chromatography. The choice of appropriate methods of lipid extraction and esterification of fatty acids, is important in preventing chemical changes from within occurring in these molecules and the forming of artifacts. Among the methods used for quantification of lipids, those that use a mixture of polar and nonpolar solvents separate the lipids in the sample of the non-lipid components. As these methods were carried at ambient temperature, they most suitable for further analysis of the FA profile. These methods were extracted lipids efficiently and did not alter their chemical constitution. The methods of derivation of fatty acids for esterification could be catalyzed by acids or bases. The method was chosen to convert the lipids in Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME) and allow their analysis by gas chromatography, should not lead to incomplete conversion of lipids into their FAME or form artifacts. The reagents commonly used in the transesterification of triacylglycerols in meat samples were the hydroxides of sodium or potassium hydroxide in methanol. Transesterification with these reagents could be developed at room temperature in a short period of time. It becomes a reliable technique for the identification of isomers of fatty acids such as conjugated linoleic acid. No single method performs optimally in all situations. The researcher must know the nature of the sample and select the appropriate method.
© 2012 Livia Facuri Araujo Macedo, Ellen Cristina Quirino Lacerda, Roberio Rodrigues Silva, Julliana Izabelle Simionato, Mayka Reghiany Pedrao, Fabio Augusto Garcia Coro and Nilson Evelazio de Souza. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.