American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences

Evaluation of Soil Moisture Sensors under Intelligent Irrigation Systems for Economical Crops in Arid Regions

Mohamed Said Abdall El Marazky, Fawzi Said Mohammad and Hussein Mohamed Al-Ghobari

DOI : 10.3844/ajabssp.2011.287.300

American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences

Volume 6, Issue 2

Pages 287-300

Abstract

Problem Statement: In irrigation water management, irrigation water use represents a substantial opportunity for agriculture water savings. Automation of irrigation systems, based on Soil Moisture Sensors Systems (SMSS) has the potential to provide maximum water use efficiency by maintaining soil moisture at optimum levels. Approach: The objective of this research was to evaluate the performance of soil moisture sensors under field conditions during growing season in two different irrigated. This evaluation to be conducted with regard to accuracy; precision; quickness of the response to moisture variation. Moreover to quantify the easiness of use, this encompasses installing and operating the instrument as well as interpreting the readings. Results: The Watermark resulted in higher tension readings than the tensiometers. While Watermark showed a consistent and increasingly drier estimate of water content compared to tensiometers. However, the trend of soil water tension curves that resulted from both treatments was very similar. The linear relationships of the Soil Moisture Content (SMC) obtained from all sensors and gravimetric measurement were observed to be best fit. The correlations (R2) are ranging from 0.96-0.98 and from 0.91-0.95 for tensiometers and watermarks successively. The statistical analyses indicate that changeability existed between soil water contents by the sensors and the gravimetric method. Conclusion: Soil Moisture Sensors Systems (SMSS) can be used: To monitor soil moisture sensors under wheat crop cultivation practices using intelligent irrigation system. The tensiometers and Watermarks were less responsive to the soil drying between irrigations than GM. So, Watermark can operate in a drier range than tensiometers, but with a lower resolution at the wet end of soil water tension. Anyhow, watermark remains a good tool for automatic irrigation scheduling and be integrated with inelegant irrigation systems even the noted drawbacks.

Copyright

© 2011 Mohamed Said Abdall El Marazky, Fawzi Said Mohammad and Hussein Mohamed Al-Ghobari. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.