American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences

Effect of Methyl Cellulose Coating and Pre-Treatment on Oil Uptake, Moisture Retention and Physical Properties of Deep-Fat Fried Starchy Dough System

Jihad M. Quasem, Ayman Suliman Mazahreh, Khaled Abu-Alruz, Ibrahim A. Afaneh, Ala’a H. Al-Muhtaseb and T.R.A. Magee

DOI : 10.3844/ajabssp.2009.156.166

American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences

Volume 4, Issue 2

Pages 156-166

Abstract

Problem statement: The influence of edible methyl cellulose coating and blanching pre-treatment in reducing oil uptake and moisture loss during frying of starchy dough system was investigated. Approach: Potato dough cylinder of 60 mm length and 22 mm diameter was used as a model food system. Samples were coated with 0.5% methyl cellulose film-forming solution and uncoated samples were used as control. Compared to the control samples, a reduction of 80% in oil uptake was achieved, with an increase in frying temperature decreasing the oil uptake due to the gel formation of methyl cellulose which was enhanced by higher temperatures. Results: No effect of methyl cellulose coating on the final moisture content was observed. The effect of methyl cellulose coating on structural properties (diameter, length, volume and bulk density) was also examined. The results showed that methyl cellulose coating had a significant effect on dimensional and density changes, as it enhanced the formation of crust, leading to a buildup in pressure within the cylinder, which in turn caused considerable puffing of the sample. Conclusion: Blanching pre-treatment (100°C, 5 min) was found to be effective in reducing the oil content of the potato dough samples.

Copyright

© 2009 Jihad M. Quasem, Ayman Suliman Mazahreh, Khaled Abu-Alruz, Ibrahim A. Afaneh, Ala’a H. Al-Muhtaseb and T.R.A. Magee. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.