American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences

High Quality Komatsuna (Brassica rapa L. nothovar) Production by Using Silicate Minerals Treated Nutrient Solution

Sheheli Islam, Kumagai Kazunori, Noriko Takeda and Katsumi Ishikawa

DOI : 10.3844/ajabssp.2009.12.17

American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences

Volume 4, Issue 1

Pages 12-17

Abstract

Problem statement: Good water quality not only produces good crop yield, but also maintains environmental quality and so with plant, animal and human health. Therefore, protecting the quality of water by using non chemical materials is an emerging issue to be solved. Bakuhan seki having additional negative charge were found to have the capacity of improving condition of water while emitting important minerals essential to life. Because of high cost and scarcity of Bakuhan-seki, experiments continued to find out low cost materials. In this study, a very timely and relevant and costefficient procedure has been described for determining the potential of three minerals of Shikoku Island to improve water quality affecting growth of plants. Approach: Firstly, tap water of Kochi, Japan was treated with different mixtures of silicate minerals and then applied for the germination of Komatsuna (Brassica rapa L. nothovar) seeds. The feasibility of these treatments was investigated by measuring root and shoot length of early seedlings. Results: Treatment with Q4S1 showed the highest elongation of seedling parameters compared to other treatments. Where as results of growth tests using Komatsuna in the NFT (Nutrient Film Technique) system, showed degree of leaf freshness (SPAD) and dry matter contents were higher than controls. Also amount of K and Mg was found higher in applying silicate mineral treated nutrient solution to Komatsuna plants. Conclusion: Therefore, this nutrient solution treatment system can be expected to be applicable in nutri-culture and hydroponics.

Copyright

© 2009 Sheheli Islam, Kumagai Kazunori, Noriko Takeda and Katsumi Ishikawa. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.