American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences

Investigation of Water Stress on Macro Elements in Rapeseed Genotypes Leaf (Brassica napus)

Mohammad Nasri, Hossein Zahedi and Farshad Ghooshchi

DOI : 10.3844/ajabssp.2008.669.672

American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences

Volume 3, Issue 4

Pages 669-672

Abstract

In order to study of changing of macro elements in water stress condition an experimental design was carried out to study effect of different levels irrigation (0, 25, 50, 75) percentage of Field Capacity (FC) on changing macro elements (N, P, K) in 5 rapeseed genotypes (PF7045-01, Symbol, Mohican, Hyola-42, Syn-1). The experimental design split plot in Randomized Complete Block with 4 replication at 2004. Investigation was carried out in Varamin university field research. The information gain about the yield grain, number of pods per plant, number of seeds per pods, weight 1000 grain, oil percentage and yield oil. At the end of investigation, for to valued quantity each element in each treatment, sample of leaf transmits in laboratory and valued quantity elements N, P, K. As result that in, quantity element in different levels irrigation and interaction between the both of them were significant. Interaction between genotypes and levels irrigation were significant at the 0.01%. Basically table of ANOVA in all of the treatment, drought stress were cause decrease quantity elements at different genotypes exception element N that with increase intensity drought stress, percentage that was increase in leaves. The yield impressed genotypes and drought stress levels. With increase intensity drought stress of 0.75-0%, mean Field Capacity decreased of 3340-1788 kg h-1. Between genotypes, Hyola-42 and Symbol with mean 3377.5 and 1947 kg h-1 were highest and the lowest yield respectively. Oil seed percentage didn’t impress on genotypes but with increase intensity drought stress, decreased quantity and mean were of 43.1%, at treatment irrigation 75% FC, to 40.2% in treatment irrigation 0% and 25% FC. With increase intensity drought stress, the quantity saturation fats and glucosinolates seed increased and quality oil decreased.

Copyright

© 2008 Mohammad Nasri, Hossein Zahedi and Farshad Ghooshchi. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.